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Pave
A pave or pavé (pronounced pah-vay) setting is a diamond or gemstone setting in which multiple small stones are set close together and very close to the surface of a piece of jewellery, making it look like as though the jewellery has been paved in gemstones.

Pavilion
The area of the diamond below the girdle measuring to the culet.

Pavilion angle
The angle measured between the girdle and the pavilion main facet.

Pavilion main facet
The eight facets found on the pavilion of a round brilliant diamond.

Pear shape
A type of fancy shape diamond that resembles a teardrop. One edge is rounded, much like an Oval Shape and the opposite edge has a sharp point, much like a Marquise Shape.

Pinpoints
Very small inclusions in a diamond that affect the clarity grade. A cluster of pinpoints can form a cloud.

Platinum
A precious metal that is more rare, more pure and stronger than gold.

Points
A measurement in the weight of a diamond equal to 1/100 of a carat. For example, a 0.20ct is equal to 20 points.

Polish
The way the cutter finishes the facets on a diamond. Laboratories grade polish from excellent to poor.

Princess cut
A type of fancy shape diamond that is square in shape with four pointed corners.

Proportions
The term 'proportion' refers to the relationship between the angles of the facets of the crown and pavilion polished on a diamond or gemstone. Obtaining perfect proportion is very important in order to maximise fire, brilliance and scintillation so that the right amount is light enters the stone, is refracted within the stone and reflected back through the top of the stone.

Prongs
The metal that holds a diamond or gemstone in place. Also known as claws. Typical settings feature 4 or 6 claws or prongs.

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